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total export of Morocco
hanae belsakri
Writing By Hanane Belaskri

What is the total export of Morocco?

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Morocco, situated in North Africa, is a country rich in history, culture, and natural resources. Its economy has seen tremendous growth in recent years, thanks in part to its burgeoning export sector. What is the total export of Morocco, you may ask? This blog post will delve into the figures, the main export products, and key trading partners, as well as the future prospects of Moroccan exports.

Morocco’s Total Export Value

According to the latest data available from World Bank, Morocco’s total export value stood at $29.5 billion in 2020. This figure fluctuates over time, so it’s essential to monitor current trends for the most up-to-date information.

Breakdown of Major Exports

Morocco’s export market is highly diversified, with a range of products contributing to its overall export value. Here are some of the top export commodities:

  1. Phosphates: As the world’s largest exporter of phosphates, Morocco plays a crucial role in global agriculture. The OCP Group, a state-owned company, dominates this sector.
  2. Textiles and clothing: Morocco has a strong textile industry, exporting clothing items, yarns, and fabrics worldwide.
  3. Automotive: With the presence of major global manufacturers like Renault, Morocco has become an important automotive exporter in recent years.
  4. Agricultural products: Morocco’s fertile land produces a variety of agricultural products, including fruits, vegetables, and fish.
  5. Electronics: Morocco is increasingly becoming a hub for electronics manufacturing, exporting components and finished products.

Key Trading Partners

Morocco’s main trading partners are:

  • European Union: As Morocco’s largest trading partner, the EU accounts for approximately 59% of its total exports, as per the European Commission. Major EU countries involved in trade with Morocco include Spain, France, and Italy.
  • United States: With a free trade agreement in place since 2006, the United States is another key export market for Morocco.
  • Africa and the Middle East: Morocco has been working to expand its export markets within the African continent and the Middle East.

Future Prospects

Morocco has been investing in the development of new industries, such as renewable energy and aerospace, to diversify its export base further. With a growing renewable energy sector, Morocco aims to become a regional leader in green energy. Additionally, Morocco’s aerospace industry has been attracting global players like Boeing and Airbus.

In conclusion, the total export of Morocco, valued at $29.5 billion in 2020, reflects a diverse and growing economy. With the ongoing development of new industries and a focus on expanding trade partnerships, Morocco’s future in the global export market appears promising.

Infrastructure and Government Support

The Moroccan government has been proactive in supporting the country’s export growth. By investing in infrastructure projects and creating special economic zones (SEZs), Morocco aims to attract foreign investment and create a more conducive environment for trade.

Some notable infrastructure projects include:

  • The expansion of the Tanger Med Port, which is set to become one of the largest ports in Africa and the Mediterranean. This expansion will boost Morocco’s export capacity and enhance connectivity with European and African markets.
  • Continued investment in renewable energy infrastructure, such as the Noor Ouarzazate Solar Complex, which aims to position Morocco as a leader in clean energy.

Export Promotion Initiatives

The Moroccan government also implements initiatives and programs to help local businesses enter international markets. One example is the Maroc Export, a government agency dedicated to promoting Moroccan exports and assisting companies in their international expansion.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite its growing export sector, Morocco still faces several challenges that need to be addressed to maintain sustainable growth. These challenges include:

  • Limited access to finance: Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Morocco often struggle to obtain financing, which can hinder their ability to export.
  • Skills gap: A mismatch between the skills available in the labor market and the needs of the export-oriented industries can constrain growth in key sectors.
  • Trade barriers: While Morocco has been working to expand its trade agreements, it still faces tariff and non-tariff barriers that may limit its export potential.

On the other hand, opportunities for Morocco’s export sector include:

  • Digitalization: The adoption of digital technologies can help Moroccan companies improve their efficiency and competitiveness in the global market.
  • Value-added exports: Morocco can focus on producing higher-value products, such as processed foods and high-tech electronics, to increase the overall value of its exports.
  • Regional integration: Strengthening trade ties with neighboring African countries can open new markets for Moroccan products and foster regional economic growth.

In summary, Morocco’s export sector has shown impressive growth, backed by a diverse product range and strong trade partnerships. However, addressing the challenges and capitalizing on opportunities will be crucial for ensuring sustainable and inclusive growth. Through continued investment in infrastructure, export promotion, and skills development, Morocco has the potential to become an even more significant player in the global export market.

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